techniques et matériaux ethniques

(en construction...)


Native Eagle Feather Warbonnet


Plain Indian Warbonnet (replica circa 1970's) made with Golden Eagle (Aquila Chrysaetos) immature tail feathers (CITES).

Material used:

feathers and fluffs from a golden eagle, deerskin, red trade cloth, painted leather stripc, porcupine quill band, ermine spots, human hair...


The model has been scanned with a 3D Einscan H scanner

For more info : I-Mat Project (CNRS MITI) on Ethnomimetics :






Lakota Sioux Ghost Dance Drum


Lakota Sioux Ghost Dance drum: The original piece was collected from the Lakota Sioux and spent almost 80 years on display at the Yankton Indian College Museum in Yankton, South Dakota until the college closed and sold off the museum collection in the mid 1980’s. Reverend Ward acquired the drum from the a Sioux Warrior named Fast Thunder, who at one time road with legendary War Chief Crazy Horse on his excursions. The piece was listed in the Museum collection as being, “Fast Thunder’s Drum”. A replica has been made using similar material as the original: buffalo rawhide wetted and stretched tightly over a bent wood plank. The drum has polychrome paint in natural pigments showing the Ghost Dance symbols, representing the water bird, half moon, full moon, and star shapes in colors black, green, yellow, and blue. The original drum measures 16” in diameter (12” for the replica). The replica has been scanned with a 3D Einscan H scanner.


For more info : I-Mat Project (CNRS MITI) on Ethnomimetics :






Native Quilled Knife Sheath (virtual replica)


Native Quilled Knife Sheath (virtual replica), originally designed & quilled by Honza.

Material used:

deerskin leather, dyed porcupine quills, seeds beads, red fluffs, tin cones, sinew ...

Scanned with a Shining 3D Einscan Hybrid scanner, post-processed with Autodesk 3DSMAx (fluff rendering).


For more info : I-Mat Project (CNRS MITI) on Ethnomimetics :






Native Sioux Lakota Moccasins


Early to mid-20th century (reservation period)

Material used:

brain tan deerskin leather, deer sinew, seeds beads, trade cloth, red fluffs, tin cones ...

Scanned with a Shining 3D Einscan Hybrid scanner

Tops and Soles scanned separately and stitched withEXscan

Post-processed with Autodesk 3DSMAx

Part of the I-Mat Project (CNRS MITI) on Ethnomimetics (






Yellow Calf Warbonnet (Museum Replica)



Replica of the warbonnet worn by Arapaho Chief Yellow Calf (1861-1938) , the original is part of the British Museum Collection (museum number Am1939, 22.1). Most of the initial research was based on a series of high resolution photographs, provided both by the British Museum and the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY  USA.

The Replica was made with domestic feathers, floral fabric reconstruction using 3DSMAX and canvas printing, antique seed beads, Czech bugle beads, ermine skins, deer leather*… 

Replica Scanned with 3D Einscan H scanner.


Special Thanks to:


John R. Waggener, Archivist at the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, USA, Amber Lincoln, curator of  the North American collections, British Museum, James Hamill, curatorial collections and research enquiries, British Museum, + Cynthia McGowan for the 2019 photographs, Jeremy J. Hill (British Museum), Todd Guenther, Professor of Anthropology & History, Central Wyoming College, Riverton, Wyoming, USA.


* To be published:

 The Lost Flower - Ethnologic Study and Replica of the Yellow Calf Warbonnet

Mathieu MOUREY, Frédéric SAUMADE and Thierry SARNET

IDEMEC, CNRS, Aix-Marseille University